As new viruses emerge, PCR testing provides fast and accurate diagnostics. PCR stands for a polymerase chain reaction and is the gold-standard method for detecting the Monkeypox virus from lesion swabs. This type of molecular testing examines the DNA to determine if the virus is present in the patient. PCR tests can help prevent the spread of disease through early and precise diagnostics.
Monkeypox Result Categories
The Monkeypox Testing Process
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
The laboratory tests the sample for the presence of DNA from non-variola orthopoxvirus species. Monkeypox is one type of orthopoxvirus. Currently, no other viruses in the species raise an issue for public health; therefore, the CDC deems any positive result as Monkeypox.
The CDC only recommends testing for patients with a rash or lesions consistent with the Monkeypox virus. The most conclusive results come from samples taken from lesions. The virus only lives in the blood for a short period; therefore, blood tests do not offer conclusive results.
The other symptoms of the virus, such as chills, fever, headache, and swollen lymph nodes, mimic symptoms of other common illnesses. Consider conducting additional diagnostic testing to rule out other viruses, like COVID-19.
The PCR test results take approximately three days to process and report.
While waiting for the results, follow the CDC guidelines to prevent the spread of infection.